- You first need to figure out what do you want to shoot
- Look at the budgets and the cost because the cost of the lens depends on the aperture and zoom
- For landscape photography your going to want to get a wide-angle lens
- Wide lenses are also good for small areas because it gives it volume
- Standard lenses range from 35mm to 85mm
- Standard zoom ranges from 24mm to 35mm
- Standard zooms generally include in many SLR kits
- 18-55mm, 18-135mm, 24-105mm, 24-70mm are popular standard zooms
- For telephoto lenses the most popular are 70-300mm or 70-200mm and these are excellent when used properly
- Telephoto is used when you don’t want to get too close to the subject because it’s not quit approachable or they feel overwhelmed by a camera.
- When you want to take pictures of sports, nature, and wildlife its good to use a telephoto lens, but you would need a fast telephoto lens
- A fast lens uasally has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8
- If you take sport photos your zoom would be 70-200 f/2.8 would be really good
- If you want to shoot like a pro, you’ll want a 300mm f/4, or 300mm f/2.8 or 400mm f/2.8
- Too slow a shutter speed with fast moving object will result to motion blur
- At least a 1/500 to 1/1000 for your shutter speed
- Its hard to track movement with a long lens so its easier if the object is coming directly towards you
- There are also special lenses like for shooting tiny things, a marco lens, and shooting architecture
- The lenses you would want to use for those special shootings are tilt-shift or perspective correction lens
- Lenses are just another tool for the camera so its still up to the photographer to make it work
Conceptual photography are photos that represent you and things that hold a lot of value. For my conceptual self-portrait I took a picture of my backpack, a painting I did, my skateboard, and the Map of Soul 7 album. I chose these objects because they hold a deep meaning in my heart. For my backpack it has one of my all-time favorite anime on it which is Demon Slayer. I love the characters from the anime and the story is so beautiful and dark. Next, I put my painting that I did because this one of the first paintings I did which sparked my love for art. I now have so many paintings that I’ve done, and I will continue to do it. My skateboard is in the picture because I love to skateboard when I’m done with school because it helps me relax and release stress. It’s kind of like to escape reality for a bit. The last thing in my photo was my Map of Soul album. This is the album of the group BTS and they are a K-pop group. I not only put that album in the photo just because I love that group but because I love music with all my heart. I don’t think there’s a day that goes by without me listening to music. Music is definitely the most valuable thing to me because its there when I’m sad, happy, mad, stressed, or I just want to listen to it to pass time. Each of the objects in the photo have their own purposes but they all are very important to me.
While reading the articles I’ve learned a lot of new things about depth of field. Depth of field is when you focus the viewers’ attention in a specific area. The way depth of field works is by changing the aperture setting which is measured by scale of f-stops. It is also having to do with how wide your aperture is.
When taking a picture with depth of field the larger the aperture is the shallower your depth of field will be and when you have smaller aperture the deeper your aperture will be. The meaning of deeper for depth of field is that your whole image will in focus but, the meaning of shallow depth is when a portion of the photo will be in focus. A tip to mastering depth of field is just to practice and mess around with it with your images. Also understanding what lenses to use help you with depth of field.
- Setting exposure using histogram
Histogram helps to tell you if your exposure is correct. It also helps you make necessary adjustments until it indicates proper exposure.
Shooting in raw format will give you access to the capabilities of your camera. By using raw format, you can enhance color, contrast, and detail on your photos.
- Selecting focusing points manually
This helps improve focusing accuracy because if you let your camera choose the autofocus points for you it can’t always anticipate correctly. It also reduces chances of missing important shots.
- Learn all AF modes
By learning all AF modes this helps you take the pictures you desire. One-shot mode will stop refocusing once locked onto a subject. AI-Servo AF mode will not lock focus, and this is good when focusing for sports and other fast-moving subjects. AI focus will automatically form one-shot to Servo if there’s movement in the frame.
- Aperture Priority
When using this mode, the camera will vary the exposure depending on the aperture value you set. This is great when shooting portraits with a blurred background.
- Shutter Priority
This mode gives you complete control over shutter speed while making all the other settings automatically, depending on the selecting value. This is great for fast moving objects and low lighting situations when you don’t want the shutter speed to be really slow.
- Control motion blur
This is handy when your using a shutter speed that is too low for holding the camera in your hands. You need to learn what the lowest speed you can hold your camera with so you can have motion free pictures.
- Manual white balance
All digital cameras have a few white balance presets and they can do an alright job. However, its recommended to learn how to set whit balance manually, according your lighting situation.
- Drive modes
The modes for drive are single shot, continuous low, and continuous high. Single shot allows you to shoot one frame at a time. Continuous low is great for portraits with a model with lost of expressions. Continuous high is a mode for sports and or wildlife.
This helps you select the lighting conditions. A high ISO are needed for low lighting and a low ISO when there is a lot of light.
Auto settings aren’t really recommended, but this helps when shooting hand held.
- Exposure compensation
It’s the +/- that will increase or decrease exposure when needed. Try not to set it too high or too low for the first attempt, instead try to get to a correct exposure gradually.
- Manual exposure
Learning how to use manual is using the camera to its full potential. Once you learned hoe to control every little setting you can call yourself a real photographer.